Posted on December 27 2022
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A work permit is a valid legal document permitting an international professional to work in Canada. It is a popular destination for many international professionals seeking job opportunities. Working in Canada is the first step for individuals wanting to permanently migrate.
To apply for a work permit, candidates require a job offer from Canada aided by the LMIA or Labor Market Impact Assessment. International students graduating from a DLI or Designated Learning Institute of Canada or the spouse of someone studying or working in Canada can also be issued a work. There are some exceptions where international professionals can only apply for a work permit with a job offer or an LMIA.
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There are multiple options to obtain a work permit in Canada. The work permits require an employment offer from an employer based in Canada. In some instances, the employer has to provide an LMIA or Labor Market Impact Assessment.
In other cases, the candidate has to prove a valid connection to Canada, such as education from a DLI, spousal sponsorship, and the like. The types of work visas in Canada are given below:
The work visas requiring an LMIA are:
The work visas not requiring an LMIA are:
The work visas that can be availed of through PGWP are:
There are certain requirements that the candidate must apply for a work permit. The requirements are given below:
The top in demand profession in Canada are in the sectors of:
Technology is a booming sector in Canada, fueling innovation and employment. The country has close to 37,000 companies and revenue of 160 billion CAD in the IT & Software sector. The ITAC, or Information Technology Association of Canada, considers the IT industry the driving force of growth. Toronto is considered to be among the IT hubs of Canada.
Canada offers a wide range of disciplines in the engineering field. The students pursuing the disciplines are employed in the public and private sectors. Engineering jobs are offered in all the provinces and territories of Canada.
The demand for specific engineering disciplines varies depending on the area of Canada. For example, there is a demand for naval engineers in the coastal areas of British Colombia. Petroleum or mining engineers find more job opportunities in Alberta or Saskatchewan.
The financial services sector in Canada consists of many roles in the fields of accounting, investment, and insurance. Many international individuals coming to Canada have a background in finance skills and intend to work in the same field after coming to the country.
HR or Human resources are an essential function in businesses in Canada to attract and maintain skilled professionals. HR professionals play a vital role in contributing to the culture of the company, training and retention, inclusion and diversity, and workforce relations.
The hospitality industry of Canada contributes to the steady generation of revenue. The hospitality industry employs more than 600,000 people in Canada, generating close to 78 billion CAD in revenue.
In Canada, companies hire for specific roles. Sales and marketing are considered two different occupations, and marketing roles are further divided into:
A report on Health and Biosciences by Economic Strategy Tables has published that by 2025, Canada will increase the size of the health and biosciences sector by two times. Canada is expected to be one of the top 3 global hubs by:
The job market of Canada offers multiple opportunities to skilled international professionals with a background in STEM or science, technology, engineering, or math.
The government of Canada is offering vital support to research related to STEM, training, and innovation. It has introduced several plans in the past few years to promote innovation in STEM.
A report from Social Development Canada and the Department of Employment has found that there are multiple employment opportunities for teaching posts in Canada, ranging from good to limited, based on the candidate's chosen province.
Nursing is one of Canada's most in-demand jobs due to a workforce shortage. There are multiple opportunities for immigrants to work in nursing in the county. RNs, or Registered nurses, have an essential role in Canada's health care system. The demand for RNs is rooted in Canada's aging population, which requires more health services.
The number of nurses retiring from the Canadian workforce also increases the demand.
IENs, or internationally qualified nurses, play an essential role in filling nursing job vacancies. Due to this, more jobs in the nursing sector are available in Canada. The candidates can also be employed in clinics, nursing homes, rehabilitation centers, and private residences, apart from working in hospitals.
*Avail of career counseling for a career in Canada.
The application process for the Canada work permit is given below:
Step 1: Employer applies for an LMIA, if necessary
Step 2: Employer offers Temporary Job Offer
Step 3: International professional applies for Work Permit
Step 4: Work Permit is granted
International individuals can come to Canada first on a temporary work permit and later apply for Canada PR or permanent residency. The four primary ways are:
If the candidate is working with an employer in Canada through a temporary work permit and the employer has a permanent employment offer, they are eligible to apply for Canada PR under the FSWP or Federal Skilled Worker Program in the Express Entry system. This type of offer is termed arranged employment.
The foreign national temporary professional has to meet the required points in the Foreign Skilled Worker Program. Points are awarded on the basis of factors like educational qualification, age, proficiency in the official languages, adaptability, and the job offer. This processing time is a maximum of 18 months.
International professionals in skilled positions can use their Canadian work experience to apply under the CEC or Canadian Experience Class program. It is a popular option for candidates with a temporary work permit who do not have the required points in the federal skilled worker program.
Candidates under the CEC are required to have a minimum of 2 years of Canadian work experience or should have graduated in post-secondary studies from Canadian institutes and have at least one year of work experience.
Candidates who qualify for the CEC must meet the abovementioned requirements before applying for Canada PR.
Every province has its own PNP or Provincial Nominee Program that facilitates provinces to nominate international individuals to apply for Canada PR. The various options and streams available in each province vary. However, programs are similar to the programs offered at the federal level. Candidates who apply through a provincial program should prove their intent to reside in the province through which they are applying. Applications for Canada PR Visa under a PNP can have 12-18 months of processing time.
Candidates working on a temporary work permit can apply for permanent residency in Canada through the QEC or Quebec Experience Class. The Quebec Experience Class is similar to the Canadian Experience Class. There are additional requirements in the QEC.
The candidates under the QEC should have worked in Quebec in a skilled job role for a minimum of 1 year and have the required French proficiency. Eligible candidates are issued a Quebec Selection Certificate by the authorities of Quebec, allowing them to apply for permanent residence status.
International individuals in Canada who have a Working Holiday Visa can also apply for permanent residency through QEC if they fulfill the requirements. The option to apply for Canada PR for Working Holiday workers is unique to the QEC.
The processing time for a permanent resident visa through QEC is one year or less.
Do you want to work in Canada? Contact Y-Axis, the leading Work Abroad Consultant.
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Posted On September 27 2023
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