The procedure of relocating to another nation is not easy. Each country’s migration procedure has its own set of terminologies and phrases. Most of the time, these are referred to as acronyms or abbreviations.

If you wish to understand the immigration procedure and comply with the requirements and restrictions before submitting the form, you should be aware of these abbreviations and their full forms.

Acronyms simplify the submission process, make forms easier to understand, and give each country’s submission process a distinct identity.

Knowing the acronyms for immigration will aid in understanding the procedure and make it easier for the candidate.

General Acronyms


 Acknowledgement of Receipt


 Computer Assisted Immigration Processing System.


 Community Airport Newcomers’ Network


 Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program.


 Citizenship and Immigration Canada


 Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials


 Canadian International Development Agency


 Confirmation of Permanent Resident Form


 Canada Pension Plan


 Certificate du Selection du Quebec (Quebec Certificate of Selection)


 Designated Medical Practitioner.


 English as an Additional Language


 English as a Foreign Language


 Employment Insurance (also sometimes referred to as unemployment insurance)


 English Language Training/Teaching


 English as a Second Language


 English for Speakers of Other Languages


 English for Specific Purposes


 Guaranteed Investment Certificate


 Goods and Services Tax

H&C grounds

 Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds.


 former Human Resources Development Canada


 Human Resources and Skills Development Canada.


 Initial Assessment


 International Council for Canadian Studies




 International English Language Testing System.


 Immigration and Refugee Protection Act


 Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.


 Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations


 Medical Services Plan


 Non – Governmental Organization


 National Occupational Classification


 Open Learning Agency


 Provincial Nominee Program


Passport Request


 Provincial Sales Tax


 Royal Canadian Mounted Police


 Right of Permanent Residence Fee


 Registered Retirement Savings Plan


 Social Insurance Number


 Skilled Worker Program


 Voluntary Services Overseas


 Workers’ Compensation Board


 Young Men’s Christian Association


 Young Women’s Christian Association





Immigration, refugee & citizenship Canada

The IRCC is responsible for overseeing the entry of immigrants, providing refugee protection, and providing services to assist newcomers in settling in Canada. It also provides citizenship to Canadians and supplies travel papers such as passports.


Citizenship and Immigration, Canada

This is the umbrella organisation that oversees all Canadian immigration. It has a CIO (Centralized Intake Office) in Nova Scotia and many satellite Canadian High Commission offices (also known as visa offices) around the world.


Federal Skilled Worker

This is one of the three government programs that Express Entry manages. This program is for talented people with international job experience who desire to permanently relocate to Canada. Minimum qualifications for this program include skilled work experience, language proficiency, and education. To be qualified, you must meet all of the basic requirements.


Federal Skilled Trade

The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for skilled workers who want to become permanent residents based on their expertise in a skilled trade. As long as they can meet the job requirements for that skilled trade as per the National Occupational Classification, and can meet the minimum eligibility criteria, they can submit for the FSTP Program.


Canadian Experience Class

The Canadian Experience Class or CEC program is aimed to help foreign workers or students who are staying on a temporary basis in Canada to become permanent residents. It considers their work experience or education and their contribution to Canadian society for granting Permanent Residency status.


Provincial Nominee Program

The Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP) was  started by IRCC  to help the different provinces and territories in Canada to select immigration candidates who are willing to settle down in a particular province or territory in the country and have the skills and expertise to contribute to  the economic development of the province or territory.


Educational Credential Assessment

The Educational Credential Assessment or the ECA is required if you have done your education outside Canada. The ECA is required if you are submitting for a visa through the Express Entry program to prove that your foreign education degree or credential is valid and is equal to a Canadian degree.


Comparative Education Services

The University of Toronto developed the Comparative Education Service (CES). Assessment reports from the CES might assist you in finding work or obtaining the licences you need to practise your profession in Canada. Employers and professional agencies across Canada rely on CES.


International Credential Assessment Service of Canada

Individuals submitting for immigration to Canada can use the International Credential Assessment Service of Canada (ICAS) to assess their educational credentials.The Canadian Immigration Assessment Package will assist you in determining how your education compares to the Canadian education system. When you come to Canada, you can utilise the report to hunt for work or for a job.


World Education Services

The WES is a system for assessing degrees and certificates obtained outside of Canada. You can meet IRCC immigration programme standards and Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) standards (particularly the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program) criteria with a WES ECA, or you can qualify for IRCC’s Agri-Food Immigration Pilot. The validity of a WES ECA is five years from the date of issue.


International Qualifications Assessment Service

 Alberta’s International Qualifications Assessment Service (IQAS) is a government-run organisation. It conducts examinations and awards certifications that evaluate foreign educational credentials to Canadian educational norms.
If you hold a formal academic or technical degree, diploma, or certificate earned outside of Canada, you may be eligible for this sort of evaluation.


 International Credential Evaluation Service

The International Credential Review Agency (ICES) is the provincially mandated credential evaluation service of British Columbia. It has been approved by the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRCC) to offer Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) reports for Canadian immigration (Express Entry, Permanent Residency and Agri-Food Pilot).


Medical Council of Canada

The MCC grants a qualification in medicine known as the Licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada (LMCC) to physicians who have met its requirements.   Candidates must take and pass the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination (MCCQE) Part I and the MCCQE Part II to obtain the LMCC.


 Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada

The Pharmacy Examining Board is a non-profit organisation that evaluates pharmacist and pharmacy technician qualifications on behalf of provincial regulatory agencies. The Board assesses qualifications, creates and administers exams, including a national qualifying test, and provides Certificates of Qualification.


Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program.

CELPIP  is one of only two English language testing organizations approved by CIC (IELTS is the other). CELPIP testing is only available in Canada (Vancouver and Toronto) and China.


 International English Language Testing System

Listening, reading, writing, and speaking are the four core English language abilities assessed by IELTS. Its purpose is to determine a person’s language ability in order to study, work, or immigrate to Canada.


Test d’Évaluation du Français

The TEF is the only exam that can be used to demonstrate competency in French. It assesses four aspects of French ability: speaking, listening, reading, and writing. The exam is available in a number of places throughout the world.


Test de connaissance du français

TCF – French language proficiency test Canada is a French language competency examination that is recognised as one of the basic immigration tests by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).This French test for Canada immigration is open to people of any language or nationality, including French speakers and persons from French-speaking nations.


Comprehensive Ranking System

Every candidate in the Express Entry system is assigned a CRS score out of 1200 points and if he scores highest points under the CRS, he will get an ITA for the Permanent Residency. The CRS score keeps changing with every Express Entry draw


National Occupational Classification

 NOC can assist newcomers in locating information about various occupations in Canada’s labour market.For job hunters, the NOC is a useful tool. You can use it to look for job descriptions, educational qualifications, required abilities, and occupations that are similar to yours. Employers frequently utilize the NOC to assist them in writing job descriptions and identifying skill requirements for new job ads. In addition, the NOC identify skills shortages in the Canadian job market.


Invitation to Apply

  (ITA) is sent to the immigration candidates in the Express Entry pool selected by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

Immigration candidates with the highest CRS scores are issued an ITA. Every Express Entry draw has a minimum cutoff score and immigration candidates with a score equal or above the designated CRS score will get an ITA.


Police Clearance Certificate

A police certificate is a declaration that you don’t have a criminal record, or a copy of your criminal record if you have one. They assist in determining whether you are inadmissible to Canada for whatever reason. Each country and region has its own set of police certifications.


Proof of Funds

Immigration candidates should  provide proof of funds called settlement funds to prove that they have the required funds to support their stay and that of their dependents once they come to Canada till they  are able to earn their income in the country.


Right of Permanent Residence Fee (RPRF)

Permanent resident candidates must pay the Right of Permanent Residence Fee (RPRF) when their forms are granted. The RPRF must be paid before permanent residency status can be given. The principal claimant and accompanying spouse or partner must pay this fee at any time before their Canada Immigration Permit is issued.


Passport  Request

Once a form has been authorised and a final decision has been entered, the candidate receives a PPR. The candidate must receive the ‘Passport Request’ letter from the processing office via their MyCIC account.


Labor Market Impact Assessment

A Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), is issued by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). LMIA certification serves as proof that Canadian employers are not able to recruit the right candidate to fill a specific position/role in Canada, and so the employer is allowed to hire a foreign worker.


Unique Client Identifier

Unique Client Identifier (UCI), is also known as a client identification number (client ID). It’s an official form for an immigration candidate from the IRCC.


Visa Application Centers

VACS are centers in other countries to submit biometrics and photos for Canada immigration. They are situated all over the world.


Canadian language benchmark




 Confirmation of Permanent Residence

Once a Permanent Residency candidate is approved, the candidate will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) and a a permanent resident visa (if you’re from a country that requires a visa). When you come to Canada, you must show your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) and Canadian immigrant permit to a Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) officer at the Port of Entry.


 Acknowledgement of Receipt

You will receive an “Acknowledgement of Receipt (AOR)” after submitting your electronic Form for Permanent Residence (e-APR), which confirms that IRCC received your form for permanent residence in Canada and has generated a file with your form number. This is also known as the AOR date, and it is the start date for your six-month processing time.


Centralized intake office

Citizenship and immigration forms are received and processed by the centralised intake office (CIO) and the Operations Support Centre (OSC). You can send your form to these addresses by mail.


 Canadian High Commission.

CHCs are located in different countries to accept forms from people in these countries who wish to migrate to Canada.


Human Resources and Skills Development Canada

HRSDC/Service Canada ensures that Canadian citizens and permanent residents have access to job opportunities. Employers in Canada can hire foreign workers if doing so would not have a negative impact on the employment of Canadians and Permanent Residents, or if there are significant benefits to hiring a foreign worker.


 Resettlement Assistance Program

The Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) is a contribution program  through which the Canadian government assists relocated refugees with settling into their new home. Income support and a variety of immediate basic services are the two primary components of the program.


Global Case Management System

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) uses the GCMS (Global Case Management System) to process immigration and citizenship forms. The only way for forms to acquire the most accurate and comprehensive view of their IRCC file is to use GCMS notes.


Application for Permanent Residence

You will have 90 days from the date you receive your ITA to prepare and submit an electronic Application for Permanent Residence (eAPR) in Canada. The online web portal of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is used to submit this form.


Ministerial instructions




Minimum Eligibility Criteria

Qualifying score is the minimum points you need to score under the Comprehensive Ranking System or the CRS.  If your profile must be selected, you should be able to get 67 points out of 100


Immigration and Refugee Protection Act

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act is an Act of the Parliament of Canada, administered by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada and Canada Border Services Agency,


 Employer Liaison Network

The Employer Liaison Network (ELN) helps employers to use the Express Entry system efficiently.


Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Police in Canada which takes part in the immigration process


Social Insurance Number

A social insurance number (SIN)  is issued in Canada to administer various government programs. The SIN was created in 1964 to serve as a client account number in the administration of the Canada Pension Plan and Canada’s varied employment insurance programs


Employment and Social Development Canada

Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) is the department of the Government of Canada responsible for developing, managing and delivering social programs and services.


Permanent resident card

You’ll need a permanent resident (PR) card when you travel to verify you’re a Permanent Residency when you return to Canada. Make a form for a Permanent Residency card or a travel requirements, request expedited processing, or check the status of your form. You can renew your Permanent Residency card if it has expired.


Canada Border Services Agency

The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) helps lawful travelers and trade pass through the country. In addition, the organization is responsible for enforcing over 90 statutes and regulations.




Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations

The Australian Bureau of Statistics and Statistics New Zealand collaborated on this form (which is available online). It contains a list and description of jobs that can be used to compare census and employment statistics from Australia and New Zealand to those from other nations. The list has been used by Australia’s immigration service to identify occupations for candidates.

Consolidated Sponsored Occupations List

An alphabetical list of ANZSCO jobs that can be sponsored for a 457 Temporary Work (Skilled) visa, a 407 Training visa, an Employer Nomination visa, or points-based skilled migration nominated by a State or Territory. The CSOL is updated on a regular basis.

Department of Immigration and Border Protection


Employer Nomination Scheme

Employers can sponsor employees for permanent residency via the ENS – or subclass 186 – visa. There are two distinct ‘streams.’ The Temporary Residence Transition (TRT) stream is designed for employees who have been sponsored for a 457 visa and want to move to the United States permanently. Employees must have worked full-time for the company for at least two years to qualify. The Direct Entry (DE) stream is the second. It necessitates a positive skills assessment and the demonstration of at least three years of work experience.

Electronic Travel Authority

The ETA – sometimes known as the subclass 601 visa – is a tourist or business visa. It is only available to passport holders from a select few countries.

eVisitor or subclass 651 visa
Similar to an ETA, but for a different range of nationalities

Similar to an ETA, but for a different range of nationalities

Labour Market Testing

For particular occupations, 457 visa sponsors must check the local labor market to guarantee that no appropriately qualified and experienced Australian citizen, permanent resident, or ‘eligible temporary visa holder’ is available to fill the post they want to nominate.

Market Salary Rates

Sponsors of 457 visas must show that they will hire their nominee on the same (or better) terms and conditions as an Australian employee. The TSMIT (Temporary Skilled Migration Income Threshold) must be met or exceeded, and remuneration must be ‘at least equivalent’ to what an Australian in the same position obtains or would receive.

Regional Certifying Body

The Minister for Immigration and Border Protection has designated certain organizations to advise the Immigration Department on RSMS forms. As part of the RSMS submission procedure, an RCB ‘certifies’ an RSMS nomination.

Resident Return visa

Visas for present or previous permanent residents of Australia, as well as former Australian citizens, who wish to travel abroad and return to Australia as permanent residents. Note that only Australian residents have automatic entrance to the country. Non-citizens must obtain a visa in order to enter and remain in Australia.

Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme

A visa similar to the ENS but only for enterprises operating in selected regional areas and with more standards.

Skilled Occupation List

It’s a list of ANZSCO jobs useful for those seeking for independent points-based skilled migration, family sponsored points-tested visas, and the Temporary Graduate (subclass 485) visa. It’s a subset of CSOL.

Trades Recognition Australia

A skills assessment service provider that specializes in evaluations for people with trade skills earned abroad or in Australia for the purposes of migration and skill recognition.


A skills assessing authority for a range of professional, vocational and professional occupations.


Visa Entitlement Verification Online

The Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection created and maintains a software system that allows people to check their employment privileges. The system is also accessible to registered organizations.