Immigration, the process of moving to another country to live and work there permanently. As many individuals move across international borders in search of a better future for themselves and their families, Canada remains a top favorite for migrate overseas. A streamlined immigration process and a welcoming stance towards newcomers, in general, are among the main motivating factors that make an individual opt for Canada immigration.

Canada has been a land of immigrants since the colonizers that found their way into the country in the 16th Century. Today, as per official statistics, Canada has more than 8 million immigrants in Canada on a PR visa, amounting to around 21.5% of the total population. 411,000 permanent residence visas are to be granted by Canada in 2022.

To be able to live and work permanently in Canada, you will have to first secure a Canada permanent residence visa. There are many routes that lead to PR status in Canada.

Canada PR pathways available include –

  • Express Entry
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
    • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
  • Quebec Selected Workers Program
  • Provincial Nominee Program
    • Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
    • British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
    • Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
    • Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
    • Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
    • New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)
    • Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)
    • Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
    • Northwest Territories Provincial Nominee Program
    • Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
    • Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)
  • For Entrepreneur/self-employed person
  • Atlantic Immigration Pilot
  • Agri-Food Immigration Pilot
  • Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot
  • For family
  • As an Investor

The right Canada immigration pathway for you will as per your individual circumstances and expectations.


Canada is a popular destination for people wanting to migrate to another country. People choose to migrate to Canada because of its multicultural ambience and various job opportunities for skilled workers. Canada has a high standard of living and a world-class healthcare and education system. Dealing with a low birth rate on one hand and an aging population on the other, there is a significant gap in the Canadian labor force. The country needs immigrants to strengthen its economy. Applicants for a Canada visa can apply under various immigration programs. To qualify under any of these programs, applicants should meet the eligibility requirements of the immigration program they are opting for. Generally, Canada immigration programs are based on points. Points are awarded on criteria that include language proficiency, work experience, education and other factors. Express Entry and Provincial Nominee Program are two popular pathways leading to permanent residence in Canada. The Y-Axis team in Dubai dedicated to Canada immigration have the knowledge and experience to ensure that you understand the process and meet the requirements so that you get your desired visa. Owned by Y-Axis, India No. 1 Immigration & Visa Consultant, Y-Axis Middle East DMCC is among the leading Canada immigration consultants in Dubai.


There are many ways to take up permanent residence in Canada. Canada immigration process involves securing a Canada PR visas through the Express Entry system, Canadian PNP, or other immigration pathways. A Canada PR visa secured through Express Entry lets you settle in Canada with your family soon after you get your visa. However, study abroad in Canada or work overseas in Canada might also make you eligible for various other immigration pathways.

Visa for Professionals: Y-Axis helps skilled professionals to migrate to Canada on a work visa. Canada has several job openings in various sectors from manufacturing to healthcare. The country offers different work permit visas that allow businesspeople, permanent workers, temporary workers, students and others to work in Canada.

Visa For Students: Canada has become a popular destination for international students. The universities here have a strong infrastructure, modern curriculum and well-equipped campuses which make them a favored destination to study abroad. The Y-Axis team in Dubai provide counselling and admission help to enable students get into the best universities.

Visa for Families: At Y-Axis we have a proven process to identify the right steps that will help you with the PR process and move to the country with your family.

Canada immigration Express Entry is among the most sought-after immigration programs globally. 67 points will have to be scored by an individual to be able to apply for Canada PR through the Express Entry system. These eligibility points are also commonly referred to as Canada immigration points.


Phase Process Description Designated Authority TAT (Turn Around Time) Fees Applicable
Phase Process Description Designated Authority TAT (Turn Around Time) Fees Applicable
Phase 1 Step 1 An Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) is used to verify your foreign education is valid and equal to a completed credential in Canada. It is valid for 5 years. WES 6-8 Weeks CAD$ 305
IQAS 20 Weeks CAD$ 275
ICAS 20 Weeks CAD$ 285
ICES 8 – 10 Weeks CAD$ 200 + CAD$ 75 for Courier
CES 12 Weeks CAD$ 210 + CAD$ 102 for Courier
  MCC(Doctors) 15 Weeks CAD$ 285 Fee + CAD$ 165 SVR + CAD$ 106 ECA
PEBC(Pharmacists) 15 Weeks CAD$ 325 Fee + CAD$ 650 Evaluation
Step 2 English or French Language Test IELTS /CELPIP /TEF Within 4 weeks INR 13,250 (Variable)
Phase 2 Step 1 EOI – Expression Of Interest IRCC Your Profile will be valid for 12 months. No Fee
Step 2 PNP – Provincial Nomination Program Provincial Authorities Varies based on Provinces. Varies based on Provinces.
Phase 3 Step 1 Invitation To Apply – ITA Main Applicant + Spouse + Children 60 Days Visa Per Head – CAD$ 550
RPRF Per Head – CAD$ 490
Bio Metrics – CAD$ 85
Medical Fee – As applicable
Step 2 Passport Submission and PR Visa Main Applicant + Spouse + Children Up to 30 days VFS fee as applicable

Note: Table last updated on 5th Feb 2021

Job Trends in Canada
Occupation Average Salary in CAD
Sales Representative $52,000 to $64,000
Accountant $63,000 to $75,000
Engineering Project Manager $74,000 to $92,000
Business Analyst $73,000 to $87,000
IT Project Manager $92,000 to $114,000
Account Manager $75,000 to $92,000
Software Engineer $83,000 to $99,000
Human Resources $59,000 to $71,000
Customer Service Representative $37,000 to $43,000
Administrative Assistant $37,000 to $46,000
How long does it take to get a work permit in Canada?

The processing time of your PR visa depends on the immigration program you have opted for. If you have applied under the Express Entry system, the average time taken to process you visa will be six months. If you have opted for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), the processing time takes an average of 12 months.

Another popular immigration program is the Quebec skilled Workers Program (QSWP), a provincial program run by the Quebec province. The processing time for this program is between 12-16 months.

Other factors that can impact the processing time include the time taken by the immigration department to process your application, verify the information that you had sent and the time you take to respond to requests for additional information from immigration authorities.

How can I get a PR in Canada?

Once you have got the invitation to apply for PR visa, through any of the Canadian Immigration program (i.e. express Entry, QSWP, etc.), you need to apply for PR visa in the Canada immigration center in Canada. The Permanent Resident Visa processing begins through high commission or Embassy of Canada.

How many points do you need to immigrate to Canada?

If you score 67 points or higher (out of 100), you may qualify to immigrate to Canada as a federal skilled worker. If you score lower than the pass mark of 67 points, you won’t qualify to immigrate to Canada as a federal skilled worker.

What is the age limit for moving to Canada?

Ten points are awarded to applicants between 21 and 49 years of age. Two points are removed for every year older or younger (to a maximum of 10 points). It is a misconception that the age limit for Canadian Immigration is from 18 to 49, years old.

Can we get Canada PR without IELTS?

No, a good IELTS score is required to get your Canada PR. This is one of the basic requirements for your Canada PR. Since English is one of the major languages in Canada, apart from French, the Canadian government wants to ensure that immigrants have a working knowledge of English.

PR applicants are required to have a minimum score in IELTS based on the immigration program they have opted for.

What is the eligibility for PR in Canada?

If you are applying for Canada PR visa, there are various immigration programs under which you can apply. Some popular programs are:

1. Express Entry Program

2. Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

3. Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)

Each immigration program has its own set of eligibility criteria. But there are some general eligibility requirements common to all these programs. Applicants must:

· Be above 18 years of age

· Have the minimum educational qualifications equal to higher secondary education in Canada

· Score the minimum marks in language proficiency tests such as IELTS or CLB

· Have a minimum work experience of one year

How to apply for Canada PR?

If you wish to migrate to Canada on a PR visa, there are various immigration programs under which you can migrate. Some popular programs for getting your Canada PR are:

1. Express Entry Program

2. Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

3. Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)

Understand eligibility requirements

Each immigration program has its own set of criteria. If you are applying under a program you must meet the eligibility requirements. There are some general minimum requirements common to all these programs:

· Applicants should be above 18 years of age

· Applicants should have the minimum educational qualifications equal to higher secondary education in Canada

· Applicants must score the minimum marks in language proficiency tests such as IELTS or CLB

· Applicants require minimum one year of work experience

Understand the immigration procedure

Most immigration programs including the PNP and QSWP program follow the Express Entry method of applying for a PR visa. If you can understand the Express Entry system, it will be easy to understand other immigration programs. If you are

applying through the PNP, just like the Express Entry program you will have to make a profile, get a qualifying score and your profile will be entered among a pool of candidates and if you make the cut as a high ranking profile, you will get an invitation to apply (ITA) for a PR visa in the immigration draw.

Qualifying score is the minimum points you need to score under the Comprehensive Ranking System or the CRS. The CRS score can vary with every immigration draw.

What is the age limit for immigration to Canada?

The age limit to apply for Canada immigration is 46 years. If you are above this age, you will not score any points under the age criteria when applying under the Express Entry program. This can lower your CRS score.

However, you can still gather enough points on other factors like skills, language proficiency, job offer, education etc. These factors can give you the required CRS score to enter the Express Entry pool.

What CRS score is required for Canada PR?

This is a points-based system that is used to score and assess immigrants. It is used to give a score to the profile of immigrants and provide a ranking in the Express Entry pool. The assessment fields for the score include:

· Skills

· Education

· Language ability

· Work experience

· Other factors

Immigration candidates who submit their profiles to the Express Entry pool are assigned a CRS score out of 1200 points. The Express Entry draw is conducted every two weeks and those with high CRS scores are invited to apply for the PR visa. The CRS score usually varies with every Express Entry draw.

What is a good score in IELTS for Canada immigration?

For Canada immigration, the IELTS conducts its English proficiency test in terms of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB). The scores are hence measured in CLB.

A good IELTS score can add to your CRS points and add the required eligibility points you will need to migrate. Ideally you must aim for CLB 10 to get 32 to 34 CRS points. The IELTS score of an applicant’s spouse can also add to the CRS points.

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