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Posted on September 26 2022

Top 5 reasons Germany immigration matters to the German economy

By Editor
Updated July 25 2023

Highlights of the top 5 reasons why Germany needs skilled migrants

  • Germany’s dire need for young skilled workers has driven the country to improve the Germany immigration
  • Germany has over 1.2 million jobs vacant and Germans aren’t filling them.
  • The German population is aging and about to retire in large numbers which comes to 13 million.
  • Increased lifespan and low fertility in Germans are creating a tricky scenario that only immigration can solve.

A large and powerful economy like Germany has every reason to be concerned and work hard to find a sustainable solution for growing job vacancies. The fact is that over 1.2 million jobs are vacant and need skilled foreign nationals to take them up. The reason is the scarcity of qualified and skilled workers among native Germans. This present scenario has catapulted the significance of Germany immigration.

You can witness the rising dependence Germany has on immigrants to solve its economic and social problems these days. It’s reasonable for you to wonder what has led to this situation.

In this article, we will attempt to introduce you to the top 5 reasons that have led Germany to depend on migrant workers to solve its growing issues. We will also examine how immigration is working for the country.

Top 5 reasons why Germany immigration matters

Let’s examine the 5 most prominent reasons Germany has to depend on immigration to ensure its economic survival and development.

13 million active workers set to retire in 15 years

Statista, the German statistical office, has made a startling revelation. It revealed that millions of economically active baby boomers will create a huge void in the German job market once they start to retire. This is going to happen in the next 15 years in Germany.

Losing one-third of its working population by 2056 is a nightmare that Germany would definitely want to avoid. To give you a better perspective, here’s a table to glance at:

Age group

Percentage of this age group at work
60 to 64 years


20 to 24 years


So, as you saw, there’s a significant number of aged and about-to-retire people currently serving the German economy. If they aren’t replaced with young skilled workers, the economic situation in Germany could get worse.

This is where immigration has a great role to play.

New heights of skilled-worker requirement in Germany

In April 2022, the number of German companies that faced an increasing number of vacant job positions was 43.6% of the total number of German enterprises. In August 2022, this rate shot up to 49.7%.

Experts fear that this issue will aggravate and escalate in the medium and long term if not addressed and resolved sooner. Here’s a look at the approximate rate of shortage in skilled workers expected in key industries:

Industry sector

Rate of worker shortage


Service providers

Accommodation and event industries



Retail business


Wholesale business

Warehousing and storage


The solution largely lies in Germany immigration. It will bring in highly-skilled and qualified individuals to Germany to fill vacant jobs and solve worker shortages.

Low fertility rate, longer lifespan

Eurostat says that by 2060, the German population will dip by 14%. This could be considering the fact that the fertility rate in Germany has been steadily decreasing and has reached under 23,000 childbirths per year.

On the other hand, the average lifespan of Germans is climbing and the median age of German citizens now is around 44%. The gap between births and deaths has been widening since 1972. More specifically, deaths outnumber births.

The dearness of people available to work in the country has thus gradually but steadily increased. This makes it necessary for Germany to depend on immigration for new able and talented people to work in Germany, to sustain its economy.

Digitization and the need for digitally skilled professionals

The demand for digital skills is going up rapidly and the German job market is struggling to meet the demand with sufficiently skilled workers. Technological progress in Germany has created a highly diversified labor market. While existing workers are finding it hard to keep up with the technological transition, the demand for highly skilled professionals is skyrocketing.

To handle the new job profiles created by technology as well as the changing dynamics and methods of existing jobs, young migrants are vital for Germany.

Multiculturalism redefining international demographics

The largest and most significant economies in the world are witnessing the new reality of multicultural society. This is the result of the increase in immigration to countries like Canada, the USA, Australia, and Germany from different countries around the world.

Most of these immigration activities are motivated by mutual needs and benefits. The process of talent acquisition from overseas solves the scarcity of skilled workers in countries like Germany. On the other hand, immigrants get to settle in economically advanced countries like Germany. It offers them ample opportunities for career development. High quality of life is another advantage they get through immigration.

The bottom line

Germany needs highly skilled immigrants for all the right reasons. You as a skilled professional have the opportunity to immigrate to this country and build your career and settle there. Germany has made it even easier and more possible for you through steps like the following:

The Chancekatre

A new visa called Chancekarte (‘opportunity card’) will allow you to arrive in Germany without a job offer if you are qualified and under the age of 35. You will also need sufficient German language skills and a minimum work experience of 3 years.

You can look for a job and find work in Germany and settle in the country in time. To learn more about Chancekarte read more...

Planning to work in Germany? Learn about Germany’s version of a Green Card

German citizenship in 3 years

This is a big leap in how accessible German citizenship could become. This fast route to German citizenship is currently under consideration. Skilled workers like you just need to live and work in Germany for 3 years to become eligible to apply for German citizenship.

To learn more about this,

Soon you may get German citizenship if you work for 3 years in Germany

If you are willing to migrate to Germany, talk to Y-Axis, the leading immigration and career consultant in the UAE.

If you find this blog engaging, you may also like:

Immigration rules relaxed to welcome 250,000 skilled workers in Germany


Germany immigration

Migrate to Germany

Work in Germany


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