Between April and July this year, immigration was a key factor that fueled population growth in Canada. The April to July quarter recorded the highest-ever population growth in Canada.
Canada’s population increased by 181,057 between April and July this year. As of 1st July 2019, Canada’s population was estimated to be 37,589,262.
Statistics Canada revealed that the April-July quarter had the second-highest population growth in absolute numbers in the last 48 years. The key factor in driving population growth was immigration which was responsible for 85% of the growth in the April-July quarter.
The second quarter of 2019 welcomed 94,281 immigrants to Canada.
All provinces in Canada, including Yukon Territory, recorded positive net migration in the April-July quarter.
Among all Canadian provinces, Prince Edward Island recorded the highest growth in population. According to Statistics Canada, PEI had the most rapid population growth in Canada. The April-July quarter saw a 0.8% increase in the population growth of the province. 78.4% of the population growth of PEI was due to immigration.
The second highest population growth in Canada happened in Yukon Territory. The April-July quarter saw a population growth of 0.6%. Immigration attributed to 62% of the total population growth in the territory.
Net international migration was even more responsible for the population growth in Quebec and Ontario. 87.1% of the population growth in Quebec was due to immigration, while 85.5% of the population growth in Ontario was attributed to immigration.
Population growth in British Columbia and Alberta was also largely due to immigration. Immigration contributed to 78.2% of the population growth in BC and 61.1% of the population growth in Alberta.
According to Statistics Canada, overseas immigration also helped offset the negative effects of interprovincial migration in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. 2719 migrants from Saskatchewan and 2802 from Manitoba moved to other provinces in Canada. Yet, these provinces recorded positive population growth, thanks to international immigration.
Immigration also helped New Brunswick and Nova Scotia recover from negative natural increase. The negative natural increase means to have more deaths than births in a province. Yet, Nova Scotia closed the April-July quarter at 0.5% of population growth and New Brunswick at 0.4% of population growth.
There was an increase in international immigration to Newfoundland and Labrador as well. Despite that, the province recorded negative population growth as there were more deaths than births. Also, many migrants moved to other provinces which also cause negative population growth.
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