A look at EU through its population numbers


As of 2020, the population of the EU is close to 448 million. This was reported by Euro stat on 10th July.

The population in January 2020 stands at 12.8% lesser than January 2019. This was caused by the withdrawal of the UK from the EU bloc. The event lowered the count by 13%.

In pre-Brexit times, at the start of the last year, the EU recorded a population of 513.5 million.

With migration, the population of the EU was positive by 0.9 million throughout 2019. Out of 28 EU member states, 18 registered increase in population. Malta was in the lead. 9 states showed a population decrease.

The EU countries that registered the largest population increase were:

  • Malta (+41.7%)
  • Luxembourg (+19.7%)
  • Cyprus (+13.7%)
  • Ireland (+12.1%)
  • Sweden (+9.5%)

The EU member countries that showed the largest decrease in the population were:

  • Bulgaria (-7.0%)
  • Latvia (-6.4%)
  • Romania (-5.0%)
  • Croatia (-4.4%)
  • Italy (-1.9%)

Among countries that showed decrease in population were Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, and Greece.

The natural change or the birth-death ratio among the EU nations was negative. There were 4.2 million births and 4.7 million deaths.

11 EU states registered a positive natural change all through 2019. 16 states recorded a negative change. Bulgaria had the highest death rate and Ireland had the lowest death rate.

The countries that registered positive natural change at the highest levels were:

  • Ireland (+5.8%)
  • Cyprus (+4.1%)
  • Luxembourg (+3.1%)
  • Sweden (+2.5%)
  • France (+2.1%)

The countries that registered negative natural change at the highest levels were:

  • Bulgaria (-6.7%)
  • Latvia (-4.7%)
  • Croatia, Greece, and Lithuania (-3.9% each)
  • Romania and Hungary (-3.8% each)
  • Italy (-3.6%)

Migration overseas has also been one of the major factors that contributed to the shifts in the population patterns in the EU. With more relaxation of COVID-19 restrictions, immigration is bound to increase and add to the population of EU.

If you are looking to Study, Work, Visit, Invest or Migrate to Europe, talk to Y-Axis, the World’s No.1 Immigration & Visa Company.

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