The year 2019 has been significant for Canada in terms of population growth. The year saw a record low fertility rate in 2019. This was revealed by the data collected by Statistics Canada.
The historic Immigration Levels Plan 2021-2023 was announced recently with very high targets that go over 400,000 new immigrants per year. The total fertility rate in 2019 was 1.47 birth per woman throughout her reproductive life. This is lower than the required birth rate of 2.1 births per woman. Canada has not met this rate since 1971.
Last year, of the total 372,038 births in Canada excluding Yukon, the proportion of baby boys was at around 51.3%. This is consistent with previous years. The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on child-birth will be revealed in the summer of 2021. The months of July and August are the months in which birth rates are typically highest.
An interesting fact that’s seen in the period from July 1, 2018, to June 30, 2019, is that there was an increase in population that came to 387,220. This included 85,246 new-borns and 301,974 new immigrants. This means that immigration caused 78% of the increase in population in Canada.
In the period from July 1, 2019, to June 30, 2020, immigration contributed to 79% of Canada’s population growth. Canada’s baby boomers, coming to 9 million people, are expected to reach the age of retirement in a decade. Without immigration, this will pose a great threat to the Canadian economy as the labor force of the country will weaken.
The Conference Board of Canada has already estimated that immigrants will account for 100% of the nation’s population growth by 2034. In fact, in the early months of this year, Canada immigration has already become the source of 82% of the population growth.
In 2019, as it is common with other countries, the average age of first-time mothers was 29.4. Comparing with Canada’s first-time mothers in 1959, when they were 23.2, the age limit has increased.
The percentage of women that work in Canada increased from 22% in 1950 to 84% last year. This was revealed by the Labour Force Survey. The proportion of women with a university degree grew 3 times the number in 1950. It grew from 14% in 1950 to 40% in 2019.
Through 60 years, the fertility rates of women aged under 25 have decreased considerably. In 1959, 45% of women in the age range of 20-24 gave birth for the first time, while this came down to 14% in 2019. Last year, it was seen that women aged between 30 and 34 years were more likely to give birth to babies than women of any other age group. They also represented the greatest percentage of first-time mothers.
In 2019, 4.3% of first-time mothers aged 40 or above had multiple childbirths. In comparison, less than 1.6% of first-time mothers under 40 years of age had multiple childbirths.
The bottom line is that immigration is the sure-shot way to ensure that the shortcomings in Canada’s population growth are resolved in the most desirable way.
If you are looking to Study, Work, Visit, Invest or Migrate to Canada, talk to Y-Axis, the World’s No.1 Immigration & Visa Company.
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