How to apply work visa for UK?


How to apply work visa for UK

The UK offers various visa options for those wishing to work here. If you are a professional and want to work in the UK, you can apply for multiple visa categories. Here are the various visa categories available to foreigners who wish to work in the UK.

Tier 1 Visa: This category of visa is for ‘high-value migrants,’ including the £2 million Tier 1 investment visa scheme, as well as the very few people who qualify for the Tier 1 extraordinary talent visa and Tier 1 Exceptional Promise visa.

Tier 2 Visa: This is for skilled employees who have a job offer from a Tier 2 Sponsor in the UK. Eligible individuals include those transferred to the UK by an overseas company via the Tier 2 Intra-Company Transfer visa route, skilled workers in areas with a demonstrated shortage in the UK, ministers of religion, and sportspeople.

Tier 3 Visa: The government created this category to accommodate low-skilled workers to fill specific temporary labor shortages. The government has never really issued any visa under this category. Unfortunately, this means you will be unable to apply for a Tier 3 visa.

Tier 4 Visa: This category is for students who seek to study in the UK but are not citizens of the European Economic Area. Before applying, applicants must hold a place at a registered UK educational institution.

Tier 5 Visa: This category includes six sub-tiers of temporary workers.

A foreigner wishing to work in the UK will, in most cases, apply for the Tier 1 or the Tier 2 visa. While the Tier 1 visa is for exceptionally talented people, and since very few people qualify for this visa, the more popular option is the Tier 2 visa.

Tier 2 visa or the Skilled Worker visa

The Tier 2 Visa is a points-based visa, and applicants must achieve a minimum score of 70 points. The following factors determine the number of points scored by an applicant:

  • Certificate of Sponsorship from an employer
  • A job with an appropriate salary
  • English communication skills
  • Amount of money set aside for maintenance

To be eligible for the visa, you must have at least 70 points. A job offer with an employer sponsorship certificate can get you 30 points. If your occupation appears on the Skills Shortage list, you can earn an additional 30 points. With these 60 points, obtaining the remaining points to qualify will be pretty straightforward.

You can gain extra points in the following scenarios:

  • If you have a Ph.D., you can earn 10 points
  • You can get 20 points if you have a Ph.D. in science, technology, engineering, or math
  • You can get 20 points if you have a job offer in a skill shortage occupation

Certificate of Sponsorship (CoS): To obtain your Skilled worker visa, you must obtain a certificate of sponsorship for the selected position. The employer must issue the Certificate of Sponsorship.

From the start date on your Certificate of Sponsorship, you can stay on the visa for a maximum of five years.

Eligibility requirements

  • To qualify in the given characteristics such as specific talents, qualifications, incomes, and vocations, you must have a score of 70 points.
  • You must have a Bachelor’s degree or equivalent, as well as two years of competent work experience in one of the approved occupations.
  • A work offer from a Home Office licensed sponsor is required.
  • The employment offer must be at or above RQF 3 for the required skill level (A Level and equivalent)
  • You must meet the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages B1 English Language criterion.
  • You must also earn at least £25,600, or the exact pay criteria for the occupation, known as the ‘going rate.’

Application process

You can apply for a work visa at any UK visa application facility in your native country.

Along with your visa application, you must submit the following documents:

A valid passport

Evidence that you will be able to support yourself financially throughout your stay (e.g., bank statements or sponsor confirmation)

 Proof of your proficiency in the English language

Receipt of payment of healthcare surcharge

After completing the visa application form, you should schedule an appointment at the UK visa application center in your native country.

Processing time

The processing period usually is three weeks; however, it varies depending on the country from which you apply.

Duration of work visa

The length of your employment contract determines the duration of your work visa. You can extend your stay if you have not stayed beyond the maximum time limit for your visa type. You should apply for an extension either online or in a UK visa premium service center.

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