Canada’s PGP is a migration program that allows Canada PR visa holders and Canadian citizens to sponsor their parents and grandparents to join them in Canada. The good news is that the cost of sponsorship via this program has reduced in 2021.
What’s the PGP?
The PGP enables Canada PR visa holders and Canadian citizens outside Quebec to sponsor their parents and/or grandparents to acquire the status of Canada’s permanent residents.
Under this program, Canada’s federal government has set a target intake of 23,500 new Canada PR visa holders in its immigration levels plan.
Why has PGP gone cheaper?
IRCC has stated that the PGP has been made cheaper considering how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the financial capabilities of Canadian residents as well as citizens. Canada has reduced the income requirement of the PGP program for the tax year 2020 to just the minimum necessary income. The additional 30% that was attached to the requirement has been scrapped.
Sponsors under the PGP could be eligible to sponsor with an income of just $32,899 in 2020, which is $8,108 lesser than 2019. The income requirement to be qualified under this program in 2019 was $41,007.
So, in 2020, if a sponsor wants to bring 2 parents and 4 grandparents to Canada, that person must have earnings of $62,814 in 2020, compared to $78,296 in 2019.
Not only is Canada’s federal government reducing income requirements, but also becoming lenient in the rules as to the way the sponsor has got it. That means, payments to CERB or EI are now considered as a sponsor’s income. Also, other benefits accrued for COVID-19 are also considered income if they aren’t a part of social assistance programs offered by Canadian provinces.
The reduced thresholds for sponsor’s income and the utilization of social assistance programs of Canada’s federal government towards the income of the sponsor isn’t applicable to the sponsor’s income for 2019 or 2018.
On July 29, 2021, a Manitoba PNP draw had 375 immigration candidates invited to apply for a provincial nomination. This draw was conducted after 2 days of holding Manitoba’s largest PNP draw ever.
Upon receiving a provincial nomination, the chosen candidates will get the required support to submit their final application for Canada PR.
The Manitoba PNP draw results
No. Of Invitations
Min. Score Required
Skilled Workers Overseas
Skilled Workers in Manitoba
International Education Stream
No score requirement
Express Entry candidates received 42 LAAs in all.
About immigration programs of Manitoba
Manitoba PNP offers the opportunity to immigrate to Canada as it supports applications for Canada PR to the federal government. Candidates who get selected for a provincial nomination from Manitoba get a greater chance to apply to get a Canada PR in a federal immigration draw. This is because of the 600 CRS points they receive once they get nominated by Manitoba.
Those who want to get this benefit must first register an EOI with the Manitoba PNP. Candidates who do this will be in a position to get an LAA via the streams of Skilled Workers Overseas and Skilled Workers in Manitoba.
These candidates are ranked by Manitoba by assigning scores out of 1,000 points. The score is determined by their connections to Manitoba and human capital factors.
About Manitoba’s immigration streams
Skilled Workers Overseas
Candidates under this category are required to demonstrate their Manitoba connections. These may be through prior experience in Manitoba, close family ties with people in Manitoba, or an invitation via one of Manitoba’s Strategic Recruitment Initiatives.
Candidates needn’t be residing in Manitoba while applying to get eligibility.
Skilled Workers in Manitoba
Only candidates having a full-time job offer from an employer in Manitoba can get an invitation under this category.
International graduates who have done their education in Manitoba are eligible to get an invitation under this stream if they are able to demonstrate that they possess in-demand skills.
About Express Entry
The Canadian federal government uses Express Entry as the system to manage applications for Canada PR. These applications are for 3 federal immigration programs for highly skilled candidates. They are CEC, FSTP, and FSWP.
Individuals who want to immigrate to Canada can either use the Express Entry draw as a pathway or take the PNP route to receive an invitation for Canada PR.
Those who take the PNP route will get the opportunity of getting a Canada PR with the help of a provincial nomination. With a provincial nomination, they are effectively handed a chance to get an ITA in a federal draw held by IRCC for which the extra 600 CRS points automatically granted by Manitoba proves helpful.
Every profile submitted by an immigration candidate in the Express Entry system is ranked by CRS on the basis of certain factors. They include education, work experience, age, and skills in the English language. Candidates who get the highest CRS scores get invitations to file an application for Canada PR via Express Entry draws held regularly.
Do you know which occupational sector had the highest rate of employers seeking skilled and qualified workers to work in Canada? It was the food and accommodation sector.
Another sector that registered the highest number of jobs positions open was the health sector. In all, in May 2021, employers in Canada recruited a whopping 671,100 workers.
An upward trend
The health sector accounted for the most job openings in Canada for 7 consecutive months. In May 2021, around 107,300 job positions were open in Canada. This was 1/6th of all job vacancies in Canada.
The second-highest number of job openings was in the food and accommodation services sector. There were about 78,000 job openings in this sector.
Retail trade accounted for 73,800 job vacancies.
Performance of the provinces
The Canadian province of Quebec had the highest job vacancy rates in May 2021, at 5.1%. A job vacancy rate is the number of positions that are vacant, represented as a proportion of the total number of positions.
British Columbia came next to Quebec with a 5% job vacancy rate. Next was New Brunswick at 4.9%. Following them came Newfoundland and Labrador with 2.8%.
More facts on job vacancy rate in Canada
In May 2021, the food and accommodation services sector registered a vacancy rate of 7.8%. Seasonal hiring is thought to be a factor in achieving this rate, as much as challenges in recruitment.
The call-back of employees to restaurants was difficult after a period of shutdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. These employees who used to be at work in Canada had started to live off social assistance and were re-evaluating their careers and lifestyle with concerns for their health gaining priority.
There was also a shortage of international students who used to be major participants in this industry as employees. The vacancy rate was affected by these factors too.
Immigrants as a solution
So, as expected, Canada will have to depend on getting more immigrants willing to work in Canada to solve the issues in its job market. They will be crucial participants in the economic recovery of the country.
After the pandemic struck, Canada did a slow start with immigration in the starting months of 2021. But then, it picked up pace in June 2021 with about 35,000 new Canada PR visa holders welcomed to Canada.
Here’s news about the Subclass 491 (Skilled Work Regional (Provisional)) visa. Nominations issued by NSW for Subclass 491 visas are now possible only by invitation. So, it becomes necessary that candidates first register their interest in a nomination from NSW. Only then will they be considered for selection.
So, what’s a Subclass 491 visa?
It’s a provisional visa that’s meant to be issued to skilled workers who are willing to live as well as work in regional Australia. The nominations given by Australian regions like NSW invite skilled professionals with a Subclass 491 visa to meet the region’s labor market needs.
The visa is a temporary one with 5-year validity. In that duration on this visa, you can live, study, and work in an area designated in regional Australia.
If you possess this visa, you can travel in and out of Australia any number of times you wish to. Also, after a 3-year stay in Australia, you can apply for Australia PR.
The new nomination process for Subclass 491
If you want to apply for a nomination in NSW, these are what you need to do/have:
Be sure that you have eligibility for the Subclass 491 visa
Confirm that you satisfy the criteria under a nomination stream of NSW
Complete an EOI in SkillSelect program
Register your interest while using a window for submission
Get an invitation to apply
Apply to an RDA office. There, your skills are needed under 14 days
You must complete an online form when a submission window is open for you to register your interest in getting a nomination from NSW.
What’s the submission window for 2021-22?
For the 2021-22 financial year, the submission windows are open in the months of January, March, August, and October.
Selection and invitation will be done by candidates to apply to an office of RDA (Regional Development Australia) while a submission window is available and up to 7 days post the closure of a submission window.
There are 3 streams for nomination in this financial year:
Stream 1 — Candidate living and working in an NSW Regional area
Stream 2 — Candidate has completed his/her study recently in an NSW Regional area
Stream 3 — Candidate is skilled in a job needed in an NSW Regional area
Migrants registering their interest under Stream 1 will be given preference.
The COVID-19 pandemic has been a major event that started in 2020 and has changed our lives significantly. The pandemic has impacted job scenario in world countries and the migration that happened in the context. Canada has been no exception with many jobs in Canada getting impacted.
So, what happened in Canada?
It so happened that during the pandemic, the demand for certain jobs in Canada increased in the province of Alberta. This was in contrast with most of the sectors that were affected by COVID-related shutdowns and restrictions.
Soaring employment was particularly noticed in the province of Alberta.
The jobs that soared in Alberta
NOC 0213 – Computer and information systems managers
Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, this particular job sector has been unshaken. In fact, there was an upward trend in demand for jobs in this category.
As the COVID-19 pandemic started, there was an increase in applications to government programs. This included CERB and employment insurance among others.
The employment for these jobs came out to be higher all through 2020 when compared to a year-over-year analysis leading to 2019.
NOC 2171 – Information systems analysts and consultants
The scene was stable enough for tech professionals in this occupation. Employment for this job was higher by 47% in 2020, when compared to 2019. Even the average employment levels were on the higher side all through the year.
NOC 2172 – Database analysts and data administrators
This was another field of occupation that was seen immune to the pandemic’s effects in 2020 in Alberta. There has been a shift to up the usage of data and technology among organizations. This increased the demand for this occupation.
NOC 2173 – Software engineers and designers
Commensurate to the development of the tech industry in Alberta, jobs of this kind have also found more demand in the job market in Alberta. The presence of over 400 tech companies in Calgary is the reason for the generation of around 2,000 job vacancies. Among those, the positions of Software Engineers and Designers are quite significant.
NOC 2264 – Construction Inspectors
This is yet another job that had not been impacted seriously by the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2020 the employment in this occupation was 24% higher than in 2019.
As construction has been considered an essential sector, activities in this sector were permitted to carry on even during peak times of the pandemic. The resilience of the construction sector even with a slowdown in overall construction activity was notable in Alberta.
NOC 3011 – Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors
Employment in this occupation was on the higher side in a significant manner in Alberta in April 2020. This is in comparison with the figures in the same period in 2019. Average job levels in 2020 also increased all through the year.
The pandemic created a high demand for professionals in this occupation. Their roles had been critical in the pandemic situation with increased hospitalization and the need for patient care.
NOC 3131 – Pharmacists
In April 2020, the employment in this occupation was higher by 14% when compared to 2019.
The role of community pharmacists in Alberta has grown in significance with more responsibilities that they have taken up in the health sector. These include administering vaccines, modifying prescriptions, and taking care of smoking addiction or diabetes in patients.
NOC 4153 – Family, marriage, and other related counselors
Employment in this section rose 66% in April 2020 in comparison to 2019. The trend stayed throughout 2020.
This growth can be understood if we consider the significance of counselors in dealing with the mental strain and mental health issues that arose from anxiety and heightened isolation.
NOC 4165 – Health policy researchers, consultants, and program officers
In this occupation, employment grew by 24%in April 2020 when compared to the same period in 2019. Along with keeping people safe from the virus, they had to also address the consequences on people’s well-being.
NOC 4212 – Social and Community Workers
A 21% increase in employment was witnessed in April 2020 when compared to April 2019.
The role of social workers in attending to people reeling through issues like homelessness, addictions, and domestic abuse. Their services in rehabilitating families and individuals through social and community activities grew significantly in the pandemic time.
NOC 7205 – Contractors & supervisor, other construction trades, installers, repairers, and servicers
This occupation category had a 65% rise in employment in April 2020 when compared to the same period in 2019.
The rise in employment in this section can be understood in the context of the construction sector been considered essential in Alberta.